Toes in the Sand: How to Shoot Desert Photography
Desert Photography Landscapes
As any seasoned photographer will tell you, when it comes to desert photography, no two types of landscapes are the same. While there are some general principles that apply to all landscape photography, each setting requires its own unique approach and has its own unique challenges.
This is particularly true when it comes to photographing desert photography landscapes. Shooting photos in the desert can be so fun and so unique—there is no other type of landscape that delivers the same types of colors as the desert or that has the same unique skylines.
However, if you are planning on photographing desert landscapes for the first time, there are a few things you need to be aware of—no matter how experienced you are with general landscape photography.
Here are a few important tips that can help you photograph desert landscapes so you can get some truly breathtaking photos you are sure to cherish.
Start With the Right Desert Photography Gear
Much like photographing virtually any type of subject, the key to great desert photography starts with having the right gear. Here is the equipment you will need:
In most situations, you will be using long exposure times when shooting desert landscapes. This is because most desert landscape photography occurs during the evening. Your tripod will help make sure that you can take these photos without camera vibrations or sub sequential blur.
When choosing the right tripod for your desert landscape photography, the sturdier the better. Don’t worry as much about having a new, fancy, or lightweight tripod—you need something with some substance. This means that old tripod sitting in your basement will finally come in handy.
Your tripod will need to be set up in sand (which is obviously not the most stable ground) and will need to be able to withstand high winds, so you want something with some weight to it.
Night Photography Gear
Often times the best shots occur after the sun sets. Shooting sunsets that merge into starry nights can provide some beautiful desert photographs.
It’s important to bring a flashlight, plenty of water and proper GPS equipment so you don’t get lost. The desert at night (depending on where you are) can be like walking into a dark cave.
I myself have had many instances where I couldn’t see 10 feet in front of me because it was so dark. Use the stars to guide you and please… bring a headlamp!
Variety of Lenses
One of the great things about shooting landscapes in the desert, is that there are so many ways to do it. Do you capture the rolling hills in the distance? Do you focus in on cacti in the foreground?
With all of these options in mind, you need to make sure you bring a few different lenses—including wide angle and telephoto. You never know what will come your way in the desert, so it is always good to be prepared.
Filters are going to be particularly important when it comes to protecting the lenses you bring with you. Make sure to bring a UV filter to protect against that bright desert light and a neutral density filter to help keep that light from being so harsh.
Many desert landscape photographers also rely on polarizers to darken light blue skies and to bring some depth to their shots.
Shooting in the desert means shooting in the sand—which also means that your expensive equipment is going to be at risk for damage. Sand can scratch lenses, get in the crevices of your camera and really take a toll on your equipment.
Make sure you bring a lens cap, plenty of lens cloths and airtight bags for all of your equipment to help keep the sand away the best you can.
Capturing the Right Lighting With Desert Photography
Much like any other type of landscape photography, the right lighting can make or break your entire shot. Most people prefer to shoot desert landscapes in the evening, either at sundown or at night to capture the desert twilight.
Sunrises are also a good time for shooting in the desert—as it is another great opportunity to capture those unique desert colors. If you are shooting at sunrise, start right when the sun is coming up to 1 ½ hours after the sunrise. If you are shooting sunset, start 1 ½ hours before sunset.
If you are planning on shooting at night, you can also use lighting to help create silhouettes in the desert—a person can make a great silhouette in the desert if you play with your exposure, f/11, 1/125th ISO 100 is a great place to start. Capturing silhouettes as part of your desert landscapes is a unique approach to capturing what makes the desert so unique.
It is typically best to avoid shooting in the desert midday. Not only are you going to have to deal with the heat, but it can be difficult to adjust your camera settings to accommodate the direct sun against the sand.
When you are trying to capture patterns in the sand (which is much of the beauty of desert landscapes) you will want to avoid shooting directly into the sun. Instead, have your back facing to the sun. This will help you capture these sand patterns in your photo.
Don’t Forget to Capture the Sky
This may seem rather obvious, but it is a common mistake that many people make when shooting desert photography landscapes. Since there is nothing in the desert really but sand and rocks—you need to make sure that you really capture the sky. There is nothing to distract or clutter the shot, you need to make sure you place a lot of focus on the sky.
Using a polarizing effect can help give the sky a deep, rich shade—if you use the right polarizer. This will help your landscape really pop. Just make sure that you don’t illuminate only one part of the sky and leave the other park darker—the best way to do this is to take shots right on, instead of angled shots.
Try High Dynamic Range (HDR) while you’re at it—this will help you illuminate your photos accurately. The best way to do this is to take a few different shots at different exposures, while changing the shutter speed.
Tips on Desert Photography Composition
Composition can be really difficult when it comes to shooting desert landscapes, while many people will try to use a wide-angle lens. However, many times, this fails to capture the depth and beauty of the deserts and can even make the biggest and most majestic sand dunes, seem like modest bumps.
If you are shooting with a wide-angled lens, don’t forget about the rule of thirds. Try to find some sort of point of interest in the foreground or the sky—even if it is just a plant or a pattern in the sand. This can help you desert landscape have some visual interest and help give you a sense of scale.
Telephoto lenses can be a great option when it comes to composition. This allows you to focus in on details, make your subject look larger in the frame and help give it greater presence.
Go to Higher Elevations
Making desert landscapes look interesting and unique can be a challenge, so if you find that your desert landscapes are looking a little commonplace—go to a higher ground. This is a great trick to making your desert landscapes really pop. Hills and mountains are common in the desert and even the smallest change in elevation can really change the way your scene looks.
Fortunately, there are always plenty of hills, rocks, and elevated surfaces in the desert that can help you find the unique camera angles you are looking for.
Pay Attention to Lines, Patterns and Textures
One of the most interesting things about deserts are all of the lines, patterns and textures in the desert. Think outside the box when shooting desert landscapes and instead of focusing on the big picture (and risking having your landscape look too monotonous) look at all of the lines, patterns and textures that appear in desert landscapes.
Lines in the sands, cracks in the dirt, textures in the rocks and cactuses are all great places to find textures and lines you won’t find anywhere else. Textures and patterns can be found on the ground, on the hillsides and in the sky.
Use the sun to your advantage to emphasize the texture in the desert. It can help create interesting tones and shadows that will really emphasize these lines and patterns.
While some people may look at the vastness of the desert and see monotony, if you know when to shoot, how to capture unique angles and play with composition, there are endless opportunities in the desert and countless ways in which you can capture these landscapes and make your final image look completely breathtaking.
Make multiple visits to the desert both in the morning and evening and play with different compositions and lighting and you can capture the perfect desert landscape.